Baroda is the third largest city in the Western Indian State of Gujarat, after Ahmedabad and Surat. It is the administrative headquarters of Vadodara District and is located on the banks of the Vishwamitri River, southeast of Ahmedabad, 139 kilometres from the state capital Gandhinagar. Both the railway line and national highway connecting Delhi and Mumbai pass through Baroda.
As of 2015 Baroda had a population of almost 3 million people and is on the list of the top ten fastest developing cities of India. The city is the site of the Lakshmi Vilas Palace, once owned by the royal Gaekwad dynasty of the Marathas. It is also the home of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, the largest university in Gujarat. An important industrial, cultural and educational hub of western India, the city houses several institutions of national and regional importance while its major industries include petrochemicals, engineering, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, plastics, IT and foreign exchange services amongst others.
A large number of corporates are headquartered here. The upcoming IT park at Baroda, had been attracting many firms recently. Many entrepreneurs and corporates that emerged from here made an Intentional repute recently. Bank of Baroda, one of the largest chain of branches and atm in the country was started here. In the recent times growth of E-Commerce Business has increased immensely from Vadodara.Some of Barodian Sellers Top the charts of best sellers in their respective categories on famous marketplaces. Accessories Master (ACM) , ECellStreet.Com (ECS) top the charts on ebay.in and amazon.in respectively.Some of the other well known e-commerce businesses operating from Baroda are phoolbul.com,badabargain.com,purchasekaro.com etc.
Vadodara Airport is located north-east of the city. Vadodara has air connectivity with Mumbai, New Delhi,Kolkatta, Bangalore and Hyderabad. Vadodara is set to have an International Airport in near future.
Vadodara junction is Gujarat’s busiest junction with almost 150 trains passing through every day. Passengers can travel to almost all the parts of India from Vadodara Junction, where there is a junction from the directions of Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Delhi and Kota (all four directions). It has one of the largest electric locomotives sheds in Gujarat and various trains have a loco change over at Vadodara. Trains such as Rajdhani, Shatabdi, Duranto and important mail/express trains halt at Vadodara Junction. Apart from various small railway stations Vadodara has 10 major railway stations namely Vadodara Junction ,Pratapnagar, Vishwamitri, Makarpura, Karajan, Itola, Varnama, Bajwa, Ranoli and Nandesari.
National Highway 8, connecting Delhi and Gandhinagar with Ahmedabad to Mumbai, passes through the city. Vadodara is also connected with Ahmedabad through Indian National Expressway 1, a 97 kilometres (60 mi) stretch of super highway with exits at Anand, Nadiad, S.P.Ring Road and finally Ahmedabad. In the near future, this expressway will be extended southwards from Vadodara all the way up to Mumbai. The necessary land acquisition work is in progress and the government has placed the project on a fast track priority.
Public transport vehicles within the city include buses, autorickshaws and taxis. Buses owned by VTCOS for public transportation are operated by the private bus operators VTPL, which now runs over one hundred buses of 33 and 50 seater configurations. This development has reduced two wheeler traffic as well as provided a safe and cheap transport service. A significant proportion of the population uses their own vehicles – cars, scooters, motorcycles and bicycles.